World Refugee Day

Every year, June 20 is the World Refugee Day established by the UN General Assembly. The celebrations are intended to educate citizens about the rights of refugees and to respect their dignity, regardless of their origin, place of birth, race or religion.

World Refugee Day (eng. World Refugee Day), annually is celebrated around the world on June 20, was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 4, 2000. Celebrations take place in over a hundred countries. In connection with this day, cultural events, conferences and educational meetings are organized. The events aim to understand the needs of refugees around the world. This year's celebration World Refugee Day is particularly important due to the ongoing war in Ukraine. The celebration aims to educate us about the rights of refugees and to respect their dignity, regardless of their place of birth, origin, race or religion.

Each year World Refugee Day has its guiding principles password. This year's reads: Anyone, anything, anytime. Everyone has the right to seek safety ".

Who is a refugee?

The 1951 Geneva Convention defines refugees as foreigners who were forced to leave their country of origin as a result of a well-founded fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, and who, because of these fears, are unable or unwilling to benefit from with the protection of your country.

How many refugees are there in the world?

"According to UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees - ed.), At the end of 2021 the number refugees worldwide, it was over 89 million. The largest part of this group - 53.2 million - are people displaced within one country. 27.1 million people fled to another country for fear of persecution, war or economic situation. 4.6 million people are seeking asylum. "

History

The dates of establishing and celebrating the holiday are not accidental. 2001 was the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. At the same time, the Organization for African Unity supported the initiative to Refugee Day fell on the same day as African Refugee Day, which is June 20. Since that day and 2001, this date is recognized as World Refugee Day.

"Activities focused on protecting the rights of refugees, especially in the field of support in ensuring their asylum and repatriation, are dealt with by UNHCR - the agenda of the United Nations, existing since 1950. The seat of the office is in Geneva, Switzerland, and the function of the High Commissioner has been performed by the Italian diplomat Filippo Grandi since 2016 ”.