Displacement of the population during the war

The armed conflict unfolding in Ukraine raises questions to which we have often not known the answer. How do people move during the war? Where are they looking for refuge? Where are they running to? Population migrations are a natural, forced process taking place during the war. Today, the topic that we knew from history lessons is topical due to the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian conflict in Ukraine.

What are population migrations?

Dictionary migration is considered a change of place of residence or temporary stay. This term, historically calling great migratory movements, we often associate with the First and Second World Wars, during which people were forced to flee. From February 24, we will also identify migrations with the conflict instigated by the Russian aggressor in Ukraine.

Long-term foreign migrations of the population of one country to another country may contribute to the creation of a national minority in the target area.

Why are people migrating?

Movement of people is most often caused by military conflicts, economic or political crises. Migrations, through military overtones, are often associated with a forced process, and less often with a choice. Racial persecution and human rights violations are also recognized as reasons for the displacement of people.

Where do refugees from Ukraine run?

The direction most willingly taken by refugees is the one closest to them. It will come as no surprise that Poland is the country to which Ukrainian citizens most often flee. According to a study by the United Nations refugee office, Romania is the second most chosen destination and Moldova the third. Hungary and Slovakia are placed lower, while the Russian Federation and Belarus are chosen last. It is estimated that over 10 million refugees are to go to Poland. The Polish border is mostly crossed by mothers with small children, seniors and young people.

Problems with moving

By escaping from a war-torn country, without being prepared for it, we often leave everything we have to save our lives. We choose the closest, safe direction, looking for shortcuts. We are scared, we do not know who to trust, and there is often a language barrier. This picture sounds familiar because due to the war in Ukraine it is still very much alive lately.

A trust measure of gold

The sight of overcrowded borders, crying children and the enormity of people offering help is too accurate and harsh description of the last month. Fortunately, there was no shortage of people offering accommodation or transport, but the fleeing refugees, frightened by the war, felt fear of the help offered. Apart from the collapse of the sense of security, it was mainly the language and cultural barriers that contributed to it. However, the situation leaves no choice but to trust. Poles offering helpto arouse them, they allowed their passengers to take pictures of themselves with their ID cards and send them to their family for authentication.

Joanna Karp